Category: PressRoom

State Oppression Of Baloch People In Iran Nasser Boladai

Presentation at the Side even on 18th session of the United Nation in Geneva on Nationalities in Iran which was jointly organized by The Movement Against Racism and for Friendship between Peoples ” And Zagros Human Right Organisation

Brief info: Balochistan is located in south-eastern Iran, bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan. It is strategically situated at the eastern flank of the Middle East, linking the Central Asian states with the Indian subcontinent and the Indian Ocean. It occupies the northern part of the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea from the Strait of Hormuz to Gwater, a small village divided between Iran and Pakistan. Some estimates put the Baloch population in Iran at over four million,

Balochistan is being deprived of basic socio-cultural and political rights of its people by Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan. States that basically are governed not by civilized rule of political and cultural behavior but mostly in the name of religion, distorting facts of history and denying the national minorities their minimum political and cultural rights allowed by the various conventions of United Nations.

Religious Discriminations

Article 12 of the constitution states: “the official religion of Iran is Islam and the Twelve Ja’fari School of Thought and this principle shall remain eternally immutable”. This explicit endorsement of a school of Shia Islam alienates the Kurds, Turkmen, Baloch, and Ahwaz, who practice Sunni Islam. Tehran has a population of 1 million Sunni Muslims, but planning permission for a Sunni mosque has yet to be granted. Article 115 excludes non-Shias from holding the office of the Presidency of the Republic.

A widely used practice which discriminates against National Groups and religious minority is Gozinesh, meaning “selection”. Gozinesh is an ideological test requiring candidates for some government jobs to demonstrate allegiance to Shia Islam and the Islamic Republic of Iran including the concept of Vilayat-e Faghih (Governance of Religious Jurist), a concept not adhered to by Sunnis. The adherence to this practice effectively excludes Ahwaz, Baloch, Turkmen and Kurds from employment in the government and, in some cases, within the private sector. Some applicants to universities are also subjected to Gozinesh.

Mohammad Ismail Mulazahi, a Baloch religious activist and Son in law of the Sunni Baloch Religious leader, Mr Abdul Hamid Shahbakhsh was convicted on the false charges of contact with foreign embassies and espionage for 10 years without due process of law and defense lawyers, most analyst believe his arrest and subsequent charges are political to put pressure on Mulavi Abdul Hamed, to accept the regimes control our religious seminars and for his activities for religious freedom , and Baloch peoples and Sunni peoples right in Iran.

Other Baloch and Sunni Activist who are imprisoned in Iran:

In Khurasan Razavi Province:
– Mulavi Habib Hakimzadeh, from Kariz tubar Jam,
– Mulavi sedigh Rashidi, from Turbat Jam
– Mulavi Abdulsatar Haidari, from Ghaderabad, Turbar Jam
– Mulavi Nour Ahmad laghai from, Nashitifan, Khaawf Distict
– Mulavi Abdulkarim Gul, from Mehrabad, Khaawf Distict

From Balochistan
– Hamid Mulazadeh, Zahidan Prison
– Habib Mulazadeh, Zahidan prison
– Mulavi Said Kurdi
– Mualvi Abduljalil Mir Balochzahi
– Mulavi Jabir Yarmohamadzahi

From Kermanshah
– Mulah Jumhe Tayshahie, from Sarpul Zihab

From Western Azerbaijan
– Mulah Abdularahman Fatahi, from Mahabad
– Mulah Ahmad Sanandaji, from Mahabad
– Mulah Mohamad Brayie, from Bukan

From Khuzistan
Ali Ahmiri, from Ahwaz

Political Representation Of Minorities

Many ethnic groups boycotted the 2009 Presidential Elections once their preferred candidates were officially forced to withdraw their candidature. No Baloch has ever served as a minister of cabinet or as an ambassador. The number of the Baloch in the provincial administration of Balochistan is no more than five percent of the total civil servants .

After the election of President Ahmadinejad in 2005 many ethnic minority civil servants were reportedly forced from their jobs in a widespread purge.

ECONOMIC DISCRIMINATION AND EXPROPRIATION OF LAND

76 percent of the Baloch people live under the poverty line, although the national figure is 11% .

Despite signing the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination there is strong evidence that the Iranian authorities encourage land confiscation, forced migration of ethnic groups and the resettlement of Persians in the ethnic regions . In 2005 Baloch houses were destroyed after areas of the port city Chabahar were dismantled by Iranian Security forces with no alternative housing provided for those evicted.

In 2005 the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Adequate housing expressed concern regarding “the continued discrimination faced by ethnic and religious minorities and nomadic groups, as reflected in […] the considerable number of alleged cases of land confiscation and forced evictions”.

Arbitrary Arrest Torture, Judicial Procedure and Execution

The death penalty continues to be applied in political cases, where individuals are commonly accused of “enmity against God”. In August 2007, Amnesty International noted that a disproportionately large number of executions in Iran that year were of Baloch citizens (50 from 166).

According to Amnesty International “Even before last summer’s unrest, there were signs that President Ahmadinejad’s government was increasingly using the death penalty as a way of stemming unrest in areas with large ethnic minorities. Bomb attacks in the predominantly Arab province of Khuzestan and ethnic Baluch areas of Sistan-Baluchistan province in recent years were followed by a wave of often public executions. Some of the condemned men were shown on state television making “confessions” that are believed to have been extracted from them under torture or other duress.”

Extra-judicial killings have been a characteristic of Iranian state policy in ethnic minority regions, especially in Balochistan. This was clearly stated by the head of Mersad, a paramilitary force, who said: “We have not been given orders to arrest and hand over those who carry weapons. On the basis of a directive we have received, we will execute any bandits, wherever we capture them (Ettela’at, 25 February 1998)”.

Arbitrary Arrest

Baloch weblog activists face the harshest kind of punishment, the first blogger that who was executed for his journalistic activities using weblog was Mr Yaghub Mehrnihad, he was arrest in May 2007, with five other members of a Baloch cultural association, he was tried in secret and executed in 4th August 2008.
Mr Sakhi Rigi Another Baloch blogger was arrested by plainclothes security forces on June 18, 2009, At the time as a member of Mr Musavi’s election campaign team in Zahidan. Latter he was convicted because of his blogger activities; charges ranged from “acting against national security” and “propagating against the regime,”.
With no press freedom in Balochistan and a ban on press on Balochi language weblog and websites have been only medium available to Baloch journalist, cultural and social activist, to publish their articles and news about their local community and profession however for their activities they are constantly harassed imprisoned tortured and executed, some of them have left country and have applied for refugee status from UNHCR in neighboring countries like Afghanistan Pakistan, United Arab Emirates, and Turkey without success for resettlement to the safety of a third country.

Mohammad Saber Malek Raisi, a Baluch youth aged 15 from Sarbaz, has been arrested in July by intelligence agency was held in their custody until recent month however he has been moved from Intelligence custody to Zahidan Central Jail. He is held to force his elder brother to surrender to security forces. From time to time he is made to call to his family and tell his mother that he will be imminently executed if his brother does not surrender.

Linguistic And cultural Discrimination in the Medai
Despite Article 15 of the Iranian constitution and Article 27 of the ICCPR, the Ahwaz, Baloch, Kurds and Azerbaijanis face difficulties in exercising their rights to use their own languages, in private and in public. For example, all state-schooling in these regions is conducted exclusively in Persian. As a result, drop-out rates are high.

Minority cultural activists have had journals and publications banned, often for reasons of state security, and even when publishers have adhered to conditions that Farsi must be the main language. Cultural organizations are closed down, and those involved subject to imprisonment and execution. Advocates for broader linguistic and cultural rights for minorities are detained arbitrarily.

Nasser Boladai

Balochistan Peoples Party www.balochpeople.org
P. O. Box 13022 www.ostomaan.org
103 01 Stockholm
Sweden

Fear Of More Revenge Executions In Balochistan By Iranian Government, Balochistan People Party

This kind of method of revenge killing by Iranian government has always been used in response to clashes with armed forces systematically.

 

Fear Of More Revenge Executions In Balochistan By Iranian Government, Balochistan People Party

On the 25th of October Zahedans public persecutor announced that he ordered execution of 16 Baloch political prisoners after an encounter between Mersad a paramilitary group and another armed group. In this encounter according to government news agencies 17 border security forces were killed.

In a revenge act regime executed 16 Baloch political prisoners, in Zahidan prison. Public persecutor Mohammad Marziyeh announced that 16 prisoner has been executed in response to the clashes between the border forces and armed groups. Mr. Marziyeh, emphasized that in coming days more people would be executed.
This kind of method of revenge killing by Iranian government has always been used in response to clashes with armed forces systematically.

After an explosion, in May 2010, near a Masque, three people were executed next morning in prison in Zahedan, The following is a quote from the BBC’s Persian language service: “Iranian Official News Agency (IRNA) has quoted a judge, whose name has not been disclosed, saying that the executed were not involved directly in the explosion but they had been arrested two days before the explosion occurred. However, the accused were interrogated and trialed the night between the 30 and 31 of May, and were executed immediately after being charged for facilitating the explosion [1]”.

After the presidential election in June 2009 and arrest of hundreds of demonstrators it was feared that demonstrators would be executed immediately to intimidate and terrorize people so they would not take part in demonstrations. The regime felt that the arrest and killing of people in Tehran would spark an internal and international outcry, in contrast to the execution of Baloch which is not even mentioned in the international media, and would fulfil its purpose to terrorize and prevent people from joining protests against the regime, in other parts of country.

To terrorize demonstrators in Tehran, 19 Baloch prisoners were executed after short trials in closed courts without having access to defence lawyers, in Zahedan, convicted among other crimes also as “Moharabeh” of “enmity against God”. IRNA quoted Ebrahim Hamidi, Chief Justice of Sistan and Balochistan, saying that 13 people were on trial charged for drug smuggling, hostage taking and rebellion against the government [2].
Change of president in Iran has not led to any change in reality in ground for people in Balochistan, extra judicial killings, execution arrest has continued. Yet in the recent months security forces has started using method of “enforced disappearance” more extensively, some peoples that have disappeared , their mutilated bodies have been found that shows sign of severe torture.

The regimes death squad abroad has also become more active since new president have come to power. Three Baloch political activists living in exile in Pakistan were assassinated by the Iranian regimes death squad recently.

The death penalty continues to be applied in political cases, where individuals are commonly accused of “enmity against God”. In August 2007, Amnesty International noted that a disproportionately large number of executions in Iran that year were of Baloch citizens (50 out of 166).

According to Amnesty, Iranian government: “was increasingly using the death penalty as a way of stemming unrest in areas with large ethnic minorities. Bomb attacks in the predominantly Arab province of Khuzestan and ethnic Baloch areas of Sistan-Baluchistan province in recent years were followed by a wave of often public executions. Some of the condemned men were shown on state television making “confessions” that are believed to have been extracted from them under torture or other duress.”2

ACTION REQUESTED
Based on the above, and on behalf of the Baloch people in Iran, BPP urges you to:
To stop execution of Baloch political prisoners and prisoner arrested on other charges.
Raise with the Tehran authorities the issue of the current critical situation of the Baloch people and other minorities in Iran who continue to see their basic human rights violated.
Call upon the Tehran authorities to immediately investigate the extrajudicial killings of civilian Baloch and other minorities living in Iran; and to take immediate measures to ensure that the enforced displacement of the Baloch people is halted.
It should free all political prisoners and people who have in any case committed crime under the countries law should be given a fair, free and open trial and access to defence lawyer.

Balochistan People Party

www.balochpeople.org

Sources:
[1]

http://www.bbc.co.uk/persian/iran/2009/07/090701_alia_jonddollah_ rigi.shtml
[2] http://www.radiofar da.com/content/F7_Jundollah_ AbdolHamid_ Rigi/1767602. Html
[6] http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/iran-executions-send-chilling-message-2010-03-30

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Gross Human Rights Violations Perpetrated By The Iranian Theocratic Regime Against The People Of Balochistan

One example for this deplorable situation is the case of a group of young Baloch fishermen. Being just an ordinary crew on a fishing boat on the Gulf, they were arrested and accused of drug trafficking. Later, they were executed, following a kangaroo trial and without them having had access to defense lawyers or a just trial.

In recent months, the security forces of the Islamic regime of Iran have intensified their systematic use of cruel human rights violations against Baloch people, using in particular extrajudicial executions and killings to terrorize the population.

Worse still, the Iranian authorities systematically target young Baloch men by first trapping and illegally detaining them, accusing them of drug trafficking, to then obtain ‘confessions’ through the use of torture. This labelling of innocent civilians as drug traffickers is a well-known strategy used by the regime in Tehran to physically eliminate the Baloch people, and has been used by the regime ever since it seized power. Amnesty International, in one of its reports, also highlighted that the Iranian regime systematically executes Baloch activists under the pretext of fighting drug trafficking .

National and international media, as well as the international community remain silent and fail to improve or even just acknowledge the horrible human rights situation in Balochistan. Leaders of the Islamic Republic of Iran interpret this silence as a sign of approval or at least disregard for the gross human rights violation perpetrated against Baloch civilians. Tragically, it thus does not come at a surprise that Iran has one of the highest rates of executions in the world, while the rate of executions of Baloch people is the highest in Iran.

One example for this deplorable situation is the case of a group of young Baloch fishermen. Being just an ordinary crew on a fishing boat on the Gulf, they were arrested and accused of drug trafficking. Later, they were executed, following a kangaroo trial and without them having had access to defense lawyers or a just trial. On 10 September 2016, the young Baloch were executed in Bandarabbas, a city on the Northern coast of the Gulf. According to the Balochistan Human Rights Groups, the families of these young men pointed out that their executed family members had been their families’ breadwinners and had been out for a fishing trip when they were arrested and later accused of being drug traffickers.

In another act of cruelty, on 30 August 2016, the Iranian intelligence service paid a visit to the home of civil and human rights activist Mr. Aamer Sotvan, whose wife and children were not at home at the time. The next morning (31 August 2016), his hanged body was found in his home. The door to his home was locked from the outside.

Further examples of cases of gross human rights violations against Baloch people, perpetrated by the Iranian regime are:
– 21 August 2016: Execution of Mr. Habib Jamalzahi Bandarabbas
– 18 August 2016: Execution of Mr. Reza Naroui, in the city of Sirjan

According to Ms. Roya Boroumand, Head of the Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation, “it is becoming more difficult to track executions of Balochis, as Iranian authorities increasingly move Balochi prisoners outside the region” .
It is time for the international community to react to the gross and intensified human rights violations perpetrated by the Islamic Republic of Iran against Baloch people. The Balochistan People’s Party urges the international community to:

– Put pressure on the Islamic regime of Iran to respect its own law by allowing the presence of detainees’ defense lawyers in prisons and courts, so that they can defend their clients.
– Immediately put an end to extra-judicial killings of the people of Balochistan.

 

Balochistan Peoples party

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Unpo Side Event To The 9th Un Forum On Minority Issues To Discuss Minorities And Humanitarian Challenges

On the occasion of the 9th UN Forum on Minority Issues, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) in cooperation with the Society for Threatened Peoples will be organising a side-event in Geneva on the 25 November 2016 entitled “Forgotten Crises, Forgotten Victims: Minorities and Humanitarian Challenges”.

Friday, 25 November 2016, 13:00 to 15:00,
Palais des Nations, Room XXVII, Geneva, Switzerland
Side-event to the 9th UN Forum on Minority Issues

Over the past few years a number of countries and regions around the world have seen the start or escalation of largescale and complex conflicts and natural disasters – something which the media (and by extension the donor community) has rapidly picked up on. However, what is not always covered by the media is that, in these conflicts, minorities are particularly targeted and forced to endure widespread and systematic humanitarian suffering and violations of their basic human rights. Minority groups and indigenous people have been subjected to mass displacement, sexual violence, massacres, enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings. Even where they are not deliberately targeted, being often amongst the most vulnerable civilian components, they suffer disproportionately to the rest of society. In many cases this is accompanied and facilitated by the lack of any meaningful representation in decision-making.

Among the oft-forgotten humanitarian crises is that facing the people of Ogaden in the Somali region of Ethiopia, where the recent drought has hit on a territory already severely affected by arid conditions, years of isolation, repression and exclusion from economic development. As a result, many Ogadenis have fled to neighbouring Kenya, seeking shelter in refugee camps. Meanwhile, with the P5+1 nuclear deal, relations between the West and Iran are thawing, making the plight of the indigenous Arabi people within the province of Al-Ahwaz slide into insignificance. Also, the indigenous peoples of the Chittagong Hill Tracts, despite multiple demands made by the Jumma peoples to the Bangladeshi government, they continue to be denied their fundamental rights, including recognition as indigenous peoples.

These are just a few examples of situations where minorities face immense humanitarian challenges – but they clearly show that it is a truly transnational problem, not defined to a specific geographical or socio-economic context.

Against this background this side event seeks to draw attention to the multiple challenges minority groups face in situations of – in particular forgotten – humanitarian crises. Additionally, this side-event aims to offer a platform for minority representatives to discuss different coping strategies and measures to address various humanitarian challenges, based on their own experiences.

For enquiries please contact Nicoletta Enria (n.enria@unpo.org)

For more information visit

http://unpo.org/article/19628

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“Balochistan Peoples Party” Fördömer Terrordådet I Stockholm

Idag känner vi samma sorg som övriga sörjande i landet och visar vårt varma deltagande i denna gemensamma sorg.

Balochistan Peoples Party:fördömer terrordåden i Stockholm som ägde rum fredagen den 7 april.

Våldet nådde även vår trygga Stockholm som på de senare åren har gjort sig känd för trygghetens famn för tusentals människor från nära och fjärran.

Det är beklagligt att här i hoppets och trygghetens land fruktar både värds folket och människor som har flyt döden.

Vår färgrika och mångkulturella lands huvudstad förvandlades till sorgens stad.

Syftet med Terrorattacken är utan tvekan att ta ifrån oss tryggheten och skapa rädsla och motsättningar mellan oss alla.

Vi Balocher som har flyt från Iran är bekanta med statlig terror och förtryck och känner till vad Sverige går igenom just nu.

Idag känner vi samma sorg som övriga sörjande i landet och visar vårt varma deltagande i denna gemensamma sorg.

Vi Balocher bosatta i Sverige är ett integrerade folk i det svenska samhället och fördömer dagens attack.

Balochistan Peoples Party – Stockholm Kommitté